Institute of ECIWO Biology,

Shandong University 

Dean: Yingqing Zhang

Aim: The institute is the international center of research and teaching on ECIWO (Embryo Containing the Information of the Whole Organism) Biology.  An ECIWO is a specialized embryo at a certain stage of development, which is a component of an organism. An organism including a mammal consists of multilevel ECIWOs. ECIWO biology is a science that studies the life phenomena of ECIWOs.


The ECIWO Biology Institute of Shandong University is one affiliated to the university. Headquarter of the international Society of ECIWO Biology is in the institute. The director of the institute, Prof. Yingqing Zhang, is the founder of ECIWO Biology, Lifelong President of the International Society of ECIWO Biology.

The works of Prof. Yingqing Zhang have been translated into English, Japanese, German, Russian, Dutch and Mongolian, and are widely spread and extensively applied. Three international congresses of ECIWO biology were held, the first being held in 1990 in Singapore, the second being held in 1992 in Oslo, Norway, the third being held in 1996 in Los Angles, U.S.A.

In addition to scientific researches, this institute also manufactures and sells a high technological series of ECIWO biological instruments for medical care and treatment. Its products have now found their market in many countries of Europe, America and Asia.

Research fields and professor

Physiology, pathology, biochemistry, cell biology, developmental biology, genetics, immunology, molecular biology, paleontology, evolution, botany, zoologymedicine, agriculture, medical instruments for diagnosis and treatment correlated with ECIWO ECIWO biology and its application to many fields in life science.

Professor Yingqing Zhang is the founder of the ECIWO theory and ECIWO biology.


Before the ECIWO theory founded by Professor Yingqing Zhang, people understood the different parts of an organism in the anatomical way, laying stress on the diversity among the different parts of an organism. The ECIWO theory has broken the absolute boundary among the different parts of an organism, revealing that the different parts of an organism are all specialized embryos or small individuals, namely ECIWOs, though they may differ greatly in morphology or function. We may safely say that the ECIWO theory will bring about a fundamental and conceptual change in man's anatomy-based understanding of the organism, and that many challenging problems in biology and medicine can be solved from a new angle.

The revolutionary influence of the ECIWO theory on the various fields of biology and medicine can be perceived in following discoveries and theories advanced by Professor Yingqing Zhang. 

1.   The ECIWO theory has theoretic priority in the clone research of mammal. It is well known that at the beginning of the 20th century, G. Haberlandt put forward the totipotency of plant cells. It states that cells of a plant keep the ability to develop a complete plant. In 1958, F. C. Steward got a cloned plant from the cell of the root of a carrot by tissue culture in vitro. In the field of the cloning of plant, Haberlandt's theory has the theoretical priority and holds an important status in the history of science. It is same with this scientific history, it was 12 years before Dolly's debut that Professor Yingqing Zhang put forward the theory that somatic cells of an adult of mammal have totipotency that means the potential ability to develop a new organism. In the field of the cloning of mammals, Zhang's theory has the theoretical priority and holds an important status in the history of science.

2.   The law of distribution of physiologically or pathologically correlated regions in a human body and its mechanism: the law of distribution of acupuncture points and the ECIWO theory.

3.   The law of distribution of correlated regions on general organisms and its mechanism: the bio-holographic law and the ECIWO theory.

4.   The mechanism of correlated variation.

5.   The theory of the universal prototype of the various regions constituting an organism: the ECIWO theory.

6.   The theory of the dynamic equilibrium between cDNA joining to DNA and cDNA loss from DNA in a genome.

7.   The theory that a genome contains multilevel units corresponding to the development of ECIWOs of various grades: the subgenome theory.

8.   The mode of cell proliferation apart from cell division, the theory of subgenome amplification to form new genomes and to construct cells.

9.   The theory and procedures of the trans-gene-combination engineering for the strengthening of the desired character.

10.   The theory of the construction of individuals by the ECIWO compound following development.

11.   The contributions of the ECIWO compound following development to evolution.

12.   The theory of existence of a certain organ in the various ECIWOs of an organism: the pan-organ theory.

13.   The identification response of many scattered homogeneous targets to a widespread action: pan-cybernetics and biological pan-cybernetics.

14.   The ECIWO localized seed selection and the ECIWO timed seed selection to take seeds at the region and time with the strongest expression of the desired character in an ECIWO.

15.   The theory of the nature of cancer: A cancer is a specialized embryo, namely an ECIWO, in diapause (development stop) at the cleavage or the morula developmental stage.

16.   The molecular mechanism of carcinogenesis: the non-expression of specialized genes. Cellular oncogenes are in effect nothing but housekeeping genes, whose transcript are in effect longlived mRNA or parent mRNA.

17.   A new strategy to treat cancer: To promote the development of a cancer to break its diapausic state at the cleavage and morula stages make it reach the blastula and later stages, thus normalizing it.

18.   The treatment of cancer from the molecular angle: To promote DNA transcription and meantime inhibit DNA replication and inhibit cell division.

19.   The theory of taking the success or failure to promote the development of an ECIWO or of a genuine embryo as the discrimination reaction for the screening of anticancer drugs.

20.   The theory of taking the success or failure to inhibit the development of a genuine embryo or of an ECIWO as the discrimination reaction of oncogenic factors.

21.   The effect of ECIWO anticancer drugs.  

22.   The theory of the immunologic hypersensitivity caused by HIV and adjuvants in the mechanism of AIDS.

23.   The ECIWO therapy for AIDS.

24.   The modern biological explanation for acupuncture therapy and acupuncture anesthesia: the effect of the second type of autoimmune cross-reaction.

25.   ECIWO diagnosis (bio-holographic diagnosis): A method to diagnose the disease in the whole body through an ECIWO.

26.   ECIWO therapy (ECIWO acupuncture or bio-holographic therapy): A method to acupuncture a certain acupuncture point on an ECIWO to treat the disease at its correlated region in the whole body.

27.   Electroeciwograph: A device to scan automatically over the second metacarpal side of a human hand for 15 seconds to determine whether and where and there is a disease in the whole body.

28.   The founding of ECIWO biology. And the establishment of the theoretical system of ECIWO biology.

Address for the Institute:

Institute of ECIWO Biology, 27 South Shanda Road, Jinan, Shandong Province, 250100, P. R. China. 

E-mail:;  Tel: 0086-531-8564511, or 8564574;  Fax:0086-531-8566503